Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.

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Caranx hippos – Discover Fishes

Guide to Marine Life: Medium, minimum population doubling time 1. Atlante dei pesci delle Coste italiane. Caranx hippos Linnaeus, The crevalle jack is one of the most abundant large carangids in the Atlantic Ocean, with at least two systematic studies placing it within the top five most abundant species of that region, namely lagoons in Nigeria and Chiapas, Mexico. The pigmentation of the first dorsal fin decreases above 1. Adults, on the other hand, usually occupy upstream currents, caeanx, offshore areas or shallow inshore areas.

They are present all year round in the Gulf of Mexico, with a peak in abundance during the summer months due to spawning peaks. It was described and named in by the famed Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeusbased on the holotype specimen taken off the coast of the Carolinas, United States.

In the eastern Atlantic, the southernmost record comes from Angolawith the species distributed north along the west African coastline up to West Sahara and Moroccowith its distribution also including much of the Mediterranean Sea. In Trinidad, recreational fishermen also may sell their catch, which adds to the overall quantity of fish sold. Food Habits The crevalle jack is a diurnal predator.

Smithsonian Marine Station | Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. Generally in neritic waters over the continental shelf Ref. The juvenile has hippoz spots on the anal spines and membranes, which disappear by the time its size reaches 1.


The species is more active during the day than the night, with larger catches in fisheries taken during the day, also.

Daranx The crevalle jack is found in oceanic, estuarine or riverine environments.

Mondo Sommerso, Milano, 9 vol: It was first referred to as Caranx hippos in and this name is still in use. Crevalle Jack Crevalle jack. These teeth, in combination with the air bladder, are responsible for the croaking noise it makes when it is caught.

The crevalle jack inhabits both inshore and offshore waters to depths of around m, predominantly over reefs hiippos, bays, lagoons and occasionally estuaries. Adults ascend rivers Ref.

The crevalle jack is a pelagic fish. Views Read Edit View history. Histoire naturelle des poissons. The anal fin lobe is bright yellow, with the remainder of the fin ranging from golden to dusky, while the underside of the caudal peduncle often being yellow in adults.

Smithsonian Marine Station

Caranx hippos Linnaeus, Scientific synonyms and hi;pos names Caranx hippos Linnaeus, Synonyms: Copepods are also common parasites to the crevalle jack including Anuretes heckelii found on the wall of branchial cavities, Caligus chorinemi and Caligus coryphaenae are both parasitic on the body surface as well as in the branchial cavities, and Lernaeenicus longiventris which is parasitic in the flesh of the fish. The crevalle jack’s colour ranges from brassy green to blue or bluish-black dorsally, becoming silvery white or golden ventrally.

Caranx hippos map Caranx hippos 2 from Bloch, There is an oval black spot on the pectoral fins; this appears at about 4. Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: Through the years, it has appeared under a variety of different names.


There are also often mentions of the species erroneously having circumtropical and Indian Ocean distributions, with these records probably attributable to similar Indo-Pacific species, namely the blacktip trevally and giant trevally.

Peixes de Portugal e ilhas adjacentes. The study also indicated young crevalle jack predominantly take clupeids, adding sparids and later carangids to their diets as they grow larger. A female of Females are typically larger than males.

The fish rasp their upper and lower teeth together, caganx combined with air bladder resonance, are the factors contributing to the sound. Hippod these names are no longer valid, these included Scomber carangus BlochCaranx carangus BlochCaranx carangua LacepedeCaranx erythrurus LacepedeCaranx antilliarum BennettCaranx defensor DeKayTrachurus cordyla GronowCaranx esculentus GirardCaranx hippos caninus Guntherand Caranx hippos tropicus Nichols Caribbean Coral Reef Fishery Resources A second edition of The biology, ecology, exploitation, and management of Caribbean reef fishes: Moderate vulnerability 41 of Caranx hippos was first described by Linnaeus in as Scomber hippos.

The crevalle jack has been implicated in several cases of ciguatera poisoning, although appears less likely to be a carrier than the horse-eye jack.

American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. The larva use estuaries as nurseries. I,Leptocardi, Ciclostomi, Selaci, pp.

The juvenile is striped vertically along its sides, but as it matures, it changes to an even greenish-bluish above and silver or golden below.